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Abstracts ved Netværk for Kvinder i Fysiks årsmøde 2001

Nedbrydning af ozonlaget og opbygning af arbejdslivet

Signe Bech Andersen

DMI


Ozonlaget beskytter det biologiske liv ved jordens overflade mod skadelig ultraviolet stråling fra Solen. Udledningerne af CFC-gasser, som nedbryder ozonlaget, er aftaget væsentligt de senere år. Alligevel er det problematisk at forudsige gendannelsen af ozonlaget i de kommende år, ikke mindst på grund af den betydning klimaændringer kan have. Det mest ekstreme eksempel på at ozonlaget nedbrydes, er det antarktiske ozonhul. Men også Arktis bliver hårdt ramt af ozonnedbrydning nogle år. Derfor har den nedre stratosfære, hvor ozonlaget befinder sig, været genstand for mange videnskabelige undersøgelser, med det formål at kvantificere ozonnedbrydningen og forstå de processer, der ligger bag.

I foredraget vil jeg fortælle om mit arbejde med målinger af og forskning i stratosfærisk ozon. Jeg vil også fortælle lidt om min karriere, hvordan det er at arbejde på DMI og hvordan, jeg synes, forskning og familie passer sammen.



Maskrosfysiker - gender perspectives on the situation of physics Ph. D. students in Uppsala, Sweden

Agnes Lundborg and/or Karin Schönning

Uppsala


In 2005, a questionnaire among the 107 Ph. D. Students within the physics division was performed, treating how the Ph. D. students think of themselves, their supervision, the work environment, recruitment and gender issues. The aim was to find out what measures that should be taken in order to increase the number of women in physics.

Our study shows that it is crucial to announce Ph. D. positions properly if an increase of the number of female Ph. D. students is desired. Many departments leave it to the undergraduate students to approach the professors and ask for an available position, but this and other studies show that almost exclusively male students benefit from this method. Generally, female students only ask for a Ph. D. position if they are encouraged to do so.

Female physicist often find the social environment at work troublesome. They seldom feel that others appreciate their efforts at work and they don't feel that their colleagues value them as persons. They are also, to a much larger extent than their male colleagues, exposed to dominating techniques. Many women have either been exposed to sexual harassment or have adapted their behaviour in different ways (like being careful with clothes, who they talk to and when they leave work) to avoid being exposed. During events such as conferences, summer schools and work at experimental facilities, women seem more vulnerable than usual; a major part of them have bad experiences.  

A larger amount of men than women want to continue within physics research after the dissertation. Many women who have decided to leave science refer to the social environment and lack of opportunities. Another interesting finding is that men who are positive to more women in science and to active measures to improve the situation, want to leave academia to a larger extent than men who have a hostile or a negative attitude towards women in science.

The report is available in swedish at: http://www.jamst.uadm.uu.se/publikationer/maskrosfysiker.pdf